Rules for Pronunciation
This page describes the rules of pronunciation, as used by the Amsterdam
Portuguese community. See references below.
General rules of pronunciation as used in recordings. For ease of reading,
Hebrew words are transliterated in this site, based on http://www.jewfaq.org/alephbet.htm).
Click on the Examples & listen.
Special Rules of Pronunciation for vowels.
A short summary of the shuva rules can be found here. For a more complete
list se e.g.
Na rules, as
formulated by R’ Eliyahu Bachur (16th cent.). It
occurs under the
first letter of a word;
is the second of
two Shevas in the middle of a word;
occurs after a
long unaccented vowel;
occurs under a
letter which has a Dagesh;
Shuvas are Nach (‘silent’). The letters begad kefat normally receive a
Dagesh at the beginning of a word or in the middle of a word after a Shuva Nach
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