Rules for Pronunciation

This page describes the rules of pronunciation, as used by the Amsterdam Portuguese community. See references below.

    

General rules of pronunciation as used in recordings. For ease of reading, Hebrew words are transliterated in this site, based on http://www.jewfaq.org/alephbet.htm).

Click on the Examples & listen.

Letter

Pronunciation

Transliteration

Pronunciation Example

א

Silent

 

ב

B

V

curC berob

B

B

 

ג

Ch

G

חַג chach

G

G

oD gam

ד

D

D

 

ה

H

H

 

ו

V

V

 

ז

Z

Z

 

ח

Ch

Ch

 

ט

T

T

 

י

Y

Y

 

כ

Kh

Kh

 

K

K

 

ל

L

L

 

מ

M

M

 

נ

N

N

 

ס

S

S

 

ע

Ng

עֵלֵינוּ ngalenu, like wrong

פ

F

F

 

P

P

 

צ

Ts

Ts

 

ק

K

K

 

ר

R

R

 

Sh

Sh

 

S

S

 

ת, תּ

T

T

 

אָ אֳ אַ אֳ

A

 

 

אֶ

I

 

Like in it: Shinatata

אֵ

I

 

Like in it: baruch Shim

אֽ אֽי

I

 

Like in it: bit sefer

אֻ וּ

U

 

Like Ubjom

אְ

Uh/silent

 

Like buchor , or silent, See sheva rules below

 

Special Rules of Pronunciation for vowels.

 

Vowels

Pronunciation

Example

t

a

ohJse Jse Kadashim, ovhkvt aholehem

t

o

(open unaccented syllable) ofcreF:

kekarobkhem

Vt

aha

Halelujaha          הַלְלוּיָהּ    (mapik)

אַהּ

aha

Nochaha  נֹגַהּ

Vt

ehe

Purkanehe פֻּרְקָנֵהּ  

t

a

cGg InF Kamo ngeseb

tU

Sheva is silent

oIhcU ubjom

ht

i

oGhu vijaseem

ht

u

ktrGhC bujisrael (exception on above rule)

 

 

 

 

Shuva rules.

A short summary of the shuva rules can be found here. For a more complete list se e.g.

http://www.torahresource.com/Hebrew%20MP3/Sheva%20rules.pdf

Shuva Na rules, as formulated by R Eliyahu Bachur (16th cent.). It

1)       occurs under the first letter of a word;

2)       is the second of two Shevas in the middle of a word;

3)       occurs after a long unaccented vowel;

4)       occurs under a letter which has a Dagesh;

5)       occurs between identical letters.

 

All other Shuvas are Nach (silent). The letters begad kefat normally receive a Dagesh at the beginning of a word or in the middle of a word after a Shuva Nach

 

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