Adar
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Adar

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In this document, page numbers refer to the green Tefillot, unless stated otherwise. In case there are two numbers, the second refers to the second number refers to the Koren Chumash for KKTT Amsterdam. Other books referred to are the Moadim and the Rosh Hashanah book.

A printable version  of the total topic can be downloaded.

General
Fast of Esther
Purim
Shushan Purim

General for the month

1.       In years that there is only one Adar, all dates of Adar II move to the single Adar. In a leap with two months of Adar, the remembrance date of the death of a relative (“yahrzeit”, nahala) is kept in Adar I [1]. In contrast, a bar mitswa will be celebrated in Adar II (DZB)

2.       In a leap year, when announcing the first Adar, the word ראשון is not added, but the second Adar is announced as אדר שני.

3.       In a leap year on 14 & 15 Adar I no Techinot are said in the morning and in the afternoon.

4.       In a leap year starting 14 Adar I and in a regular year starting 1 Adar, at the end of the weekdays Shacharit, the “עץ חיים” lines (tefillot, page 225) are replaced by three verses from Megilat Esther. The chazzan start with “איש יהודי”, followed by "ומרדכי יצא" and ending with “ליהודים היתה”. All Avelim (mourners) say Kaddish.
If there is a honra (Shivah) these verses are replaced by the צידוק הדין etc. (page 214-217).

5.       For Hallel on the second day of Rosh Hashanah the melody of מי כמוך is used.

6.       The “four parashiot” – ארבע פרשיות

a.       Two sefarim are used, with קדיש after both.

b.      שקלים before or on 1 Adar. If this Shabbat is also Rosh Chodesh, 3 sefarim are used, six are read from the first sefer, the משלים is read from the 2nd sefer (וביום השבת) and the מפטיר from the 3rd (שקלים). קדיש is said after the 2nd and the 3rd sefer. In this case the Haftarh is followed by the first and last line of “השמים כסאי”.

c.       זכור before Purim. Friday night the Kaddish is sung. In the morning, before נשמת the מי כמוך is recited, the chazzan repeats each last verse.
On this Shabbat the melody of
מי כמוך is used for the Kaddish and יגדל Friday night, ה' מלך during Zemiroth, and אין כאלקנו and אדון עולם after Musaf.
After
assigning the Mitzvot (honors) the chazzan announces to listen carefully to the parasha זכורVosses! Tens Obrigaçaõ de ouvir a Parasá do Segundo Sefer”.

d.       פרה before Shabbat החודש. After assigning the Mitzvot (honors) the chazzan announces to listen carefully to parashat [2] פרהVosses! Tens Obrigaçaõ de ouvir a Parasá do Segundo Sefer”.

e.      החודש before or on 1 Nissan, see also Nissan Till Pesach 1.

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Fast of Esther

1.       This fast is not announced on the previous Shabbat.

2.       For prayers on the Fast of Esther, see pages on Public Fasts

3.       If Purim is on Sunday, the fast is on Thursday and the service is as any other Public Fasts. On this Shabbat, צדקתך is not said 

4.       In the past, the Machatzit hashekel was added to the membership fee, which was collected in this period of the year. Now that membership fee is collected in January, Machatzit hashekel must be given. Mind this is on top of the 3 Tassas collection done one ach fast after mincha.

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Purim

1.       Unless Purim is on Sunday, Arvit starts about 35minutes before night and the reading of the Megila about 20 minute before night, so we read the words בלילה ההוא at night time (צאת הכוכבים).[3]

2.       For prayers Purim evening, see pages on Minor Festivals

3.       In the evening before the עמידה  the chazzan reminds to say יעלה ויבאDiraõ Vosses na Amidah o verso de Al Hanisim, por los Milahgros” (You will say in the Amidah her verse of Al Hanisim, for the Miracles).

4.       In the evening psalm 121 (page 100) שיר למעלות אשא עיני is replaced by psalm 124 (page 32) שיר המעלות לדוד לולי.

5.       Reading of the Megila:

a.       We listen to the Megila in silence [4]. We dot make noises e.g. when the name “Haman” is read. 

b.      We have the minhag (custom) that each congregant has a real megila (parchment). Nowadays unfortunately, only few have a real megila.

c.       When the Chazzan reads the words ויאמר חרבונה he stops and the congregants say זכור לטוב, after which the chazzan continues אחד מן הסריסים (chapter 7, verse 9).

d.      The following lines are read by the congregants and repeated by the Chazzan:

                                 i.            chapter 2 verse 5: איש יהודי

                               ii.            chapter 6 verse 1: בלילה ההוא

                              iii.            chapter 8 verse 15: ומרדכי יצא

                             iv.            chapter 8 verse 16: ליהודים היתה

                               v.            chapter 10 verse 3: כי מרדכי

6.       Prayers Purim morning are as usual without Techinot, adding על הנסים. The Torah reading is ויבא עמלק, where the last line is repeated [5]. After the reading אשרי (only) and returning the Sefer. Then the Megila is read with two berachot, followed by ובא לציון, followed by קדיש תתקבל and psalm 22 (page 181)  למנצח על אילת השחרand קדיש יתום then  קוה אל etc as on Shabbat.

7.       Mincha:
As usual, without Techinot. On a workday psalm 67 (page 85) למנצח בנגינות מזמור שיר is replaced by psalm 124 שיר המעלות לולי.
If it is Friday then למנצח על אילת השחר
. Replaces psalm 93 (page 115) ה' מלך.

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Shushan Purim

1.       In the evening, למנצח על אילת השחר replaces psalm 121 (page 100) שיר למעלות אשא עני and if it is Friday night, it replaces psalm 32 (page 120) מזמור לדוד ה' רועי. In this case, קדיש and קדושה are sung because of שושן פורים.

2.       On the day of Shushan Purim Techinot are not recited.

3.       In the morning after קדיש תתקבל (page 74) psalm 22 (page 181) למנצח על אילת השחר is recited. If there is Torah reading, this psalm is read by the chazzan when returning the Sefer, in front of the Hechal.

In the afternoon, psalm 67 (page 85) למנצח בנגינות מזמור שיר is replaced by psalm 124 שיר המעלות לולי.

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[1] Cardozo opposite page 19 & DZB

[2] We have the opinion that hearing פרשת פרה is also an obligation.

[3] : See   בית יוסף או"ח תרפ"ז:
"... נהגו לקרותה מבעוד יום ליל ארבעה עשר כדי להקל על האנושים והמעוברות שלא להתענות יותר מדאי"

[4] We have no real melody for the Megila based on cantillations, but a traditional melodically story-telling way.

[5] Like most Sephardim we don’t read less than 9 verses, even if it is a complete topic. Therefore we repeat the last verse, getting from 9 to 10 verses.

 

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