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Hashcavot book
Seder Chazzanut: versions and history
Glossary of terms
Contributors to this site
List of all used Tefillot (prayer books)
Rules for Pronunciation
When a Tallit is worn
Chiyuvim (obligations) and minhagim (customs) around the reading of the torah.
Names as used in the services
Titles as used for Hashcavot
Pregãos – announcements in Portuguese during the service
Neginoth (cantilliations) for Parasha & Haftarah
Reading of the Shira and the Ten Commandments
Santo Servico Recorings
An interview (in Dutch) with Chacham Pereira (SRP) on the use of Spanish & Portuguese in Amsterdam
Duchan on Shabbat, see also responsa on this topic.
Inauguration of a Sepher Torah
Hashcavot (memorial prayer)

Places of officials

There are separate benches for the Chacham and the rabbis in both synagogues. Before the war rabbis were sitting on both sides of the tebah (left picture; the small synagogue on the right picture is post-war).
wpe4.jpg (22991 bytes)  wpe2.jpg (21205 bytes)


We have the mingah to knock three times on the door of the Snoga before we open it out of kawod (respect) for the shechina (Devine presence).
Deur_snoge_kloppen-ins-2.jpg (37253 bytes)

The Faixa (mappa, wimpel)

The Faixa (mapa or wimplel) is wound clockwise, seen from the position of the person who holds the sefer:

Sepher-faixa-1.jpg (315628 bytes)  Sepher-faixa-2.jpg (311164 bytes)  Faixa-2.jpg (21012 bytes) Stibbe1-2.jpg (46685 bytes)
2 pictures: B. Stibbe; 
clip 1: by Sondervan, clip 2: Stibbe prepares the sefer.


Levantara (hagbaha)

Levantara-2.jpg (23740 bytes)


Here I collect (for now) articles on Samasut. The samaas (שמש) plays an important role before, during and after the service. Unfortunately, in contrasts to the chazzanim, samasim didn't document their work. So far I found no old notes. All I have so far date back to end 20th, beginning 21st century.

Tasks Samaas 1925 Dutch [1]

Tasks Samaas part 1  (Dutch [1] , S. Beck, 2000)

Tasks Samaas part 2 (Dutch [1] , S. Beck, 2007)

Samaas during chupot (Dutch [1], M. Paraira, 2004)

Notes of the care taker (Dutch [1], J. Meijers, 1991)

Candle protocol (Dutch [1], JBS, 2021). The Esnoga has no electricity, but is lit by up to about 1000 candles, as when it was put into use in 1675. The candles are lit by the care taker, who of course is not Jewish, and who does so on his own authority, without an explicit order (English, JBS 2021).



Samaas S. Mendes Coutinho, samaas after the war till the 1970th

[1] Using e.g. Google Translate and combining this with some common sense will help you to understand these texts.


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